Treatment for acne vulgaris should focus on the known pathogenic factors. Dietary factors that contribute to acne are high-glycemic-load foods, which cause the blood sugar level to rise rapidly. These foods include white potatoes, cornflakes, and bread. Eating these foods can aggravate acne symptoms. However, a low-glycemic diet can also help to reduce the appearance of acne. It may take weeks or months before the condition clears up.
Treatments for acne are divided into three categories: mild, moderate, and severe. During adolescence, acne is most common, with 85% of those between the ages of twelve and 24 suffering from the disorder. However, the condition can occur in adults of any age, and as one ages, the number of cases decreases. In fact, 25 percent of women in their forties report having acne. Symptoms of acne include pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, and comedones.
When hair follicles become blocked, they produce pimples. Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease, affecting approximately 80 percent of the US population. However, there are different types of acne, with the most common types appearing on the face, chest, and shoulders. Even though it occurs more frequently in teenagers than adults, it can affect anyone at any age. Although it typically clears up on its own, the disease can be persistent and can lead to scarring if not treated properly.
People of color may experience acne vulgaris in their lives. The skin condition typically manifests with less noticeable redness and greater postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. These scars may remain long after the acne lesion has gone, and can cause significant psychological effects. People of colour are more prone to develop pomade acne, especially African American and Hispanic populations. Pomade acne causes a buildup of sebum in the hair follicle, which in turn triggers the inflammatory response. The inflammation causes the follicle to rupture, resulting in a papule. Pupils can lead to pustules or even keloid scars.
Benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin phosphate are topical treatments for acne vulgaris. A combination of these two antibiotics is believed to have the highest therapeutic effect. Benzoyl peroxide is a more powerful treatment for acne than benzoyl peroxide alone. Both benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin phosphate gel formulations have been studied in randomized controlled studies.